Introduction to Patents

Do you know what a patent is?

Here, we will explain what a patent is, what a patent does and what are the different sections that constitute a patent.

Why are we telling you this?

Because, at Invent With Nokia we are looking for invention submissions which are novel and patentable so that Nokia can file a patent application based on your invention submission.

What is a patent?

A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor. A patent gives the inventor the right to exclude/restrict others from making, using, offering for sale, in the country where the patent is granted.

We present a brief explanation of a patent structure, its various sections and their corresponding significances.

Structure of a patent

Any patent application is generally composed of three sections:

A) Abstract

B) Specifications

  • Title of the Invention
  • Field of the Invention
  • Background of the Invention
  • Summary of the Invention
  • Drawing and Brief Description of Drawings
  • Detailed Description of the Embodiments
C) Claims

A) Abstract

This section is used to describe the summary of the invention and generally helps readers/viewers understand the gist of the technical disclosure within the patent application. Generally, the abstract is a single paragraph with not more than 150 words.

B) Specification

This section is used to describe details of invention along with its implementable details in a clear and concise manner.

Title of the Invention

This section is used to describe your invention or application or domain etc. in a one-liner with less than 500 characters.

Field of the Invention

This section is used to describe the domain & technical field of your invention.

Background of the Invention

This section is used to describe:

- the problem identified by inventors in a domain related to their invention

- how the problem has been attempted to be solved in the past. This is often called giving the prior art. It is all possible types of published information that is related to your invention. It is enough that someone, somewhere, sometime previously has described or shown or made something that contains a use of technology that is very similar to your invention. (Source: EPO - What is prior art?)

Summary of the Invention

This section is used to describe the invention rather than the gist of the technical disclosure (as explained in the abstract) and how the invention is different from the prior art.

Drawings and Brief Description of Drawings

This section is used to present figurative and diagrammatic representation of the invention, followed by a short description to explain the content & purpose of each drawing.

Detailed Description of the Embodiments

This section is used to describe the implementation details of your invention. If your invention is a product, this section should describe each part, how they fit & work together. However, if your invention is a process, this section should contain detailed information about the entire process flow and also the changes made by you in that process flow.

The main objective, of providing such level of finer and granular details, is to describe each part in sufficient detail so that anyone could reproduce at least one version of the invention by reading it.

C) Claims

This section is used to describe the scope and legal boundaries of the invention in a patent application.

From the above description, it clearly reflects that the content of your invention submission is not only important for each section in a patent application but also plays a significant role during the patent drafting, filing, examination, grant or even post-grant stages.

Stay tuned and keep a look out on the Invent with Nokia blog space (https://inventwithnokia.nokia.com/blog) for more exciting trivia and information.

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The first step towards idea submission is to register with Invent With Nokia. This is simple and straightforward.

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